Ethics and Integrity

A one day seminar for publishers, organised for the STM Association by Anthony Watkinson. Contributors include David Nicholas on Scholarly integrity and matters of trust.

Publication Ethics— where the research process meets the journal process: a source of embarrassment at mistaken procedures or pride in getting answers right? Peer review is central to trust in publication and where much misconduct happens but ethical questions are much wider. Publishers have to understand what to do when something goes wrong and how to safeguard against this happening.

Publication Ethics and Research Integrity 3rd December 2015, London WC1.


Fresh from the Frankfurt Book Fair, Anthony Watkinson has organised a timely seminar to inform industry and academics of current discourse on an important current topic in publishing.

Researchers write for other researchers, but what about other players in the scholarly community? This seminar is not just about getting to other researchers, but how research can be translated for professionals, industrial researchers, policy formers and the general public.

Contributors include David Nicholas who will explain the emergence of alternative scholarly reputation mechanisms and their impact.

Publication Impact 19th November 2015, London EC1.

➟ research ⇒ publication ↛ citation ?

The 11th APE conference will be held in Berlin 19–20 January 2016. On the second day David Nicholas will present Reputation: New Ways of Building, Showcasing and Measuring Scholarly Reputation in the Digital Age

The main currency for the scholar is not power nor wealth, but reputation. However, reputation has been built upon one activity —research, one output —publication, and one measurement —citation. It is a narrow view of reputation that has, so far, served publishers well. This paper highlights an analysis of emerging reputation mechanisms conducted for the European Commission.

Trust in China

'Harbingers', 'Trust' and 'Reputation Mechanisms' are three CIBER projects that share and develop a common theme: how will the new medium of the social web affect the scholar of the future? The Chinese part of the Trust project was funded and supported by Natural Science Foundation of China(NSFC). A final report is now available: Xu Jie, Xu Lifang, Fang Qing, Su Jing, Zhang Qi, Guo Nan, Shao Ping, Yin Mengling, Cao Meng, Jiang Xueyao, Wang Hui and Gong Chuqi. Trust and Authority in Scholarly Communications in The Light of the Digital Transition China Final Report.


Following the completion of a strategic review for ISSN International Centre in Paris, CIBER will now look at charging policies for ISSN IC and its network of national centres alongside other issues such as the role of identifiers in digitisation and dealing with questionable publishers.. The review will take the form of a series of face to face interviews with key ISSN customers and other stakeholders. The project will run from November until March 2016.

Discovery and Discoverability

CIBER in conjunction with University College London are organising a half day event Discovery and Discoverability at Senate House in January, a repeat of the successful 2014 conference on a similar theme. The event is pitched at both the library and publishing communities and will address issues as varied as Linked Data in discoverer,, new library search systems and semantic enhancement. John Akeroyd, who chaired the Search and Discovery Track at the recent Internet Librarian International is coordinator and co-chair

Международные связи

CIBER will be hosts to a visiting delegation from the International Programmes Office of Tomsk State University from 10–12 November. The visitors will meet representatives of British libraries and other information specialists to learn from the experience and success of British libraries, develop research projects and forms of collaboration.

Wykorzystanie, cytowanie i publikowanie

This article is the modified version of the paper which was presented as the opening keynote address at The Third Scientific Conference on Information Science in an Age of Change, Warsaw 11th–12th May 2015. The research comes largely from a year-long international study, ‘Trust and authority in scholarly communications in the light of the digital transition’, which was funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

David Nicholas Using, Citing and Publishing Scholarly Content in the Digital Age: Case Study of Humanities Researchers. ZIN [Zagadnienia Informacji Naukowej. Studia Informacyjne] vol. 53 Nr. 1(105). 2015

review, rank and peer

An international survey of trustworthiness and quality determination in scholarly reading, citing, and publishing. Traditional methods and criteria remain important: peer review is still considered the most important factor. Researchers continue to read abstracts, check content for sound arguments and credible data, and rely on journal rankings when deciding whether to trust scholarly resources. Social media outlets remain untrusted, although many researchers believe that open access has positive implications for research, especially if open access journals are peer reviewed.

Carol Tenopir, Kenneth Levine, Suzie Allard, Lisa Christian, Rachel Volentine, Reid Boehm, Frances Nichols, David Nicholas, Hamid R. Jamali, Eti Herman and Anthony Watkinson. "Trustworthiness and authority of scholarly information in a digital age: results of an international questionnaire". Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. (2015) doi: 10.1002/asi.23598

Boldly Beyond Downloads

With more scholarly journals being distributed electronically rather than in print form, we know that researchers download many articles. What is less well known is how journal articles are used after they are initially downloaded. To what extent are they saved, uploaded, tweeted, or otherwise shared? How does this reuse increase their total use and value to research and how does it influence library usage figures?

Carol Tenopir, Gabriel Hughes, Lisa Christian, Suzie Allard, Dave Nicholas, Anthony Watkinson, Hazel Woodward, Peter Shepherd, Robert Anderson "To Boldly Go Beyond Downloads: How Are Journal Articles Shared and Used?" (2014). Proceedings of the Charleston Library Conference. DOI: 10.5703/1288284315614


Are early career researchers the harbingers of change? Will these digital natives carry new information-seeking behaviour into the workplace and change scholarly communication? Or will they, recognising their position as apprentices and reliant on guidance from mentors, be cautious and less adventurous than established colleagues?

To find out The Publishing Research Consortium has commissioned a world-wide, longitudinal study over three years of published, post-doctoral researchers. Led by David Nicholas the international research team includes: Anthony Watkinson, Tom Dobrowolski (Warsaw), Jie Xu (Wuhan), Abrizah Abdullah (Malaya), Blanca Rodríguez-Bravo (Leon), and Chérifa Boukacem-Zeghmouri (Lyon).

More information…

Working Paper Nr.1

The first of a new series of working papers from CIBER Research: Reputation mechanisms and platforms: views of an expert panel on their future use, role, and influence reflects on outcomes of "Drivers for Science 2.0" a new-reputation and funding mechanisms workshop, held in Seville under auspices of JRC-IPTS, 29–30 October 2014.

To better understand the transformative power of technologies in science and how policies can support them the European Commission's Joint Research Centre – Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) funded an exploratory study in 2014. Evidence was gathered by two research teams regarding "Emerging reputation system for scholars" and "Alternative mechanisms for scientific research". A key event in the study was a workshop where about twenty-five people —experts in the fields of alternative funding mechanisms, emerging reputational mechanisms, and IPTS personnel— met in Seville for two days to discuss findings and policy implications.

Les xarxes socials i la construcció del capital reputacional

La correspondència i les trucades telefòniques eren maneres habituals d'intercanviar coneixement que han quedat desfasades per piulades, blocs i altres accions immediates, a temps real.

Avui, un projecte de recerca és vist com un mercat social, on els productes de recerca s'intercanvien per diners, prestigi i reconeixement.

CIBER's 2015 Reputational Mechanism research cited in BlokdeBiD

Is Digital Different?

Michael Moss, Barbara Endicott-Popovsky, Marc J Dupuis. Is Digital Different? How information creation, capture, preservation and discovery are being transformed

This edited collection brings together global experts to explore the role of information professionals in the transition from an analogue to a digital environment.

The contributors, including David Nicholas, Valerie Johnson, Tim Gollins and Scott David, focus on opportunities and challenges afforded by this new environment that is transforming the information landscape in ways that were scarcely imaginable a decade ago and is challenging the very existence of the traditional library and archive as ever more resources become available on-line and networked technologies become more powerful.

Facet Publishing | Sep 2015 | 224pp Paperback | ISBN 9781856 048545 | Price: £49.95

citation behaviour

Thornley C, Watkinson A, Nicholas D, Volentine R, Jamali H R, Herman E, Allard S, Levine K J, Tenopir C. The role of trust and authority in the citation behaviour of researchers. Information Research, 20(3), paper 677. September 2015

CIBER news — May–August 2015

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